What should I know about horse teeth and dental care?



What You Should Know About Horse Teeth and Dental Care

As an equestrian or a horse owner, it is crucial to understand the importance of proper dental care for your equine companion. Just like humans, horses rely on their teeth for various essential functions, including eating, communication, and overall well-being. This article aims to provide you with valuable insights into horse teeth and dental care, ensuring the health and happiness of your four-legged friend.

The Anatomy of Horse Teeth

Understanding the structure and development of horse teeth is fundamental in comprehending their dental needs. Horses have two sets of teeth throughout their lives: deciduous (baby) teeth and permanent teeth. Here's a breakdown of the different types of teeth found in horses:


The incisors are located at the front of the horse's mouth and are responsible for grasping and cutting grass or forage. Adult horses typically have 12 incisors, six on the top and six on the bottom. Deciduous incisors are shed during the first few years of a horse's life, making way for permanent incisors.


While not all horses have canines, they are more commonly found in male horses known as stallions and geldings. These teeth are situated just behind the incisors and are typically used for fighting or aggression.

Premolars and Molars

Premolars and molars are located towards the back of the horse's mouth and are responsible for grinding and chewing food. Adult horses generally have 24 premolars and molars, with six on each side of the upper and lower jaws. These teeth continuously erupt throughout a horse's life to compensate for the wearing caused by grinding.

The Importance of Dental Care

Maintaining proper dental care for your horse is essential for several reasons:

Healthy Digestion

Horses have a unique digestive system that relies on effective chewing and grinding of food. Dental issues such as sharp points, hooks, or uneven wear can impede proper chewing, leading to inadequate digestion and potential colic risks.

Comfort and Performance

Oral pain or discomfort caused by dental problems can significantly impact a horse's performance and behavior. A horse with dental issues may exhibit signs of resistance, difficulty in maintaining contact with the bit, or reluctance to eat. Regular dental care can alleviate these problems, ensuring your horse's comfort and improving their overall performance.

Prevention of Dental Diseases

Regular dental check-ups and maintenance can help prevent various dental diseases in horses, such as periodontal disease, tooth decay, and infections. Timely identification and treatment of dental issues can prevent them from progressing into more severe conditions that may require extensive veterinary intervention.

Schedule Regular Dental Examinations

One of the foremost steps in ensuring proper dental care for your horse is to schedule regular dental examinations with a qualified equine dentist. These professionals are trained to assess and address any dental issues your horse may have. During a dental examination, the equine dentist will:

Inspect the Teeth

The equine dentist will visually examine your horse's teeth, looking for abnormalities, signs of wear, or dental diseases. They may use a speculum to keep the horse's mouth open for a more thorough examination.

Float the Teeth

Float refers to the process of filing down uneven surfaces, sharp points, or hooks on the teeth. Equine dentists use specialized tools to ensure a smooth and even dental surface, promoting proper chewing and reducing the risk of oral discomfort.

Address Any Dental Issues

If any dental issues are identified during the examination, the equine dentist will discuss treatment options with you. This may include extractions, dental restorations, or further diagnostic procedures, depending on the severity of the problem.

Home Care for Horse Teeth

In addition to regular dental examinations, you can take proactive measures to ensure your horse's dental health:

Monitor Feed Quality

Providing high-quality forage and feed that require sufficient chewing can aid in maintaining healthy teeth. Avoid feeding your horse excessive amounts of sugary treats or processed feeds that may contribute to dental issues.

Regular Dental Checks

While professional dental examinations are crucial, it is also vital to monitor your horse's teeth regularly. Look out for signs of discomfort, difficulty in eating, or any unusual behavior that may indicate dental problems.

Provide Dental-Friendly Toys

Chewing on appropriate toys or objects specially designed for equine dental health can help promote natural wear and reduce the risk of sharp points or hooks developing on the teeth.


Proper dental care plays a significant role in maintaining your horse's overall health, comfort, and performance. Regular dental examinations, in conjunction with appropriate home care practices, can prevent dental issues, promote healthy digestion, and ensure your horse's well-being. Remember, a healthy horse with a bright smile is a happy horse!

If you have any further questions about horse dental care or want professional guidance, feel free to visit our website, where you can find valuable resources and connect with experts in equine dentistry.

Julieth Bill

Hi, I'm Julieth Bill. Before I was a writer for the NBCpet.com blog I was known for inventive and unusual treatments of dogs, cats, bird, fish, snakes, horses, rabbit, reptiles, and guinea pigs. Julieth worked for major zoos around the world. He Also Receives Pets a Scholarship.

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