The Pekingese: A Majestic and Loyal Companion


The Pekingese, also known as the Lion Dog, is a small yet mighty breed that has captivated dog lovers for centuries. With their regal appearance, distinctive lion-like mane, and unwavering loyalty, Pekingese dogs make wonderful companions for individuals and families alike. In this article, we will explore the history, characteristics, temperament, and care requirements of this unique breed.

Origins and History

The Pekingese breed originated in China over 2,000 years ago, where they were considered sacred and cherished by the imperial family. Legend has it that these dogs were created by Buddha himself, who shrunk a lion down to a small size by removing its mane and giving it the heart and spirit of a lion. Their regal appearance and noble nature made them highly sought after by Chinese royalty, and for many years, owning a Pekingese was a privilege reserved only for the imperial family.

When British forces invaded the Chinese Imperial Palace during the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century, they discovered several Pekingese dogs. These dogs were brought back to England as spoils of war, and their popularity quickly spread across Europe. Pekingese dogs were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1906 and have since become a beloved breed worldwide.

Physical Appearance

Pekingese dogs are small and compact, typically weighing between 7 and 14 pounds (3-6 kg). They have a sturdy build with a broad chest and a slightly longer body. One of their most distinctive features is their profuse double coat, which consists of a long, coarse outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat. Their coat comes in various colors, including black, fawn, cream, and white. Pekingese dogs have a flat face with a short snout, large round eyes, and droopy ears set high on their head.

Temperament and Personality

Despite their regal appearance, Pekingese dogs are known for their charming and affectionate nature. They form strong bonds with their owners and are incredibly loyal and protective. These dogs thrive on attention and enjoy being the center of their family's universe. However, they can also display a stubborn streak and may be wary of strangers. Early socialization and consistent, positive training are essential to ensure a well-rounded and well-behaved Pekingese.

While they are generally calm and easygoing, Pekingese dogs have a surprisingly bold and fearless personality. They are not intimidated by their small size and are known to stand their ground when faced with larger dogs. Despite their self-assuredness, it's important to supervise their interactions with other pets and young children to prevent any potential conflicts.

Care and Grooming

Due to their luxurious coat, Pekingese dogs require regular grooming to keep their fur in good condition. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent matting and tangling, especially around the ears, chest, and hindquarters. Regular bathing should be done using a gentle dog shampoo to keep their coat clean and healthy.

These dogs are moderate shedders, and their coat will require extra attention during shedding seasons. Trimming the hair around their eyes and bottom is necessary to maintain their hygiene. Additionally, regular dental care, nail trimming, and ear cleaning are vital to ensure their overall well-being.

Exercise and Training

Pekingese dogs have moderate exercise needs and are content with short daily walks and playtime indoors. While they enjoy exploring the outdoors, they are not overly energetic and are well-suited for apartment living. However, it's crucial to monitor their activity level and prevent them from becoming overweight, as obesity can lead to various health issues.

Training a Pekingese requires patience and consistency. Positive reinforcement methods work best with this breed, as they respond well to praise and rewards. Early socialization is essential to expose them to different people, animals, and environments to prevent fear-based behaviors. They are intelligent dogs but may have an independent streak, so training sessions should be kept short and engaging.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, Pekingese dogs are prone to certain health issues. Some common conditions to be aware of include:

  • Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: Due to their flat face, Pekingese dogs can experience breathing difficulties and are more susceptible to heat stroke.
  • Eye Problems: Their large, round eyes are prone to various eye conditions, including corneal ulcers, cataracts, and dry eye.
  • Orthopedic Issues: Pekingese dogs can develop joint problems such as patellar luxation and intervertebral disc disease.
  • Heart Disease: Some Pekingese may be prone to heart conditions, including mitral valve disease.

Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent and manage these potential health concerns.


The Pekingese is a breed that exudes elegance, loyalty, and charm. With their rich history and unique appearance, they continue to capture the hearts of dog enthusiasts worldwide. While they require regular grooming and attention to their health, the love and companionship they offer in return make them a truly remarkable pet. If you are considering adding a Pekingese to your family, visit our website for more information on finding your perfect furry companion!

Julieth Bill

Hi, I'm Julieth Bill. Before I was a writer for the blog I was known for inventive and unusual treatments of dogs, cats, bird, fish, snakes, horses, rabbit, reptiles, and guinea pigs. Julieth worked for major zoos around the world. He Also Receives Pets a Scholarship.

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